Olive 'Frantoio' or Heritage - is the most noted olive oil variety of Tuscany, Italy and grows more like a tree than a bush with an open and airy canopy. Ours stand at a planted height between 2.5-3.5m so they are close to their fully mature size

Olive Olea europaea Frantoio

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Description: Olea europaea 'Frantoio', commonly known as Frantoio Olive, is a popular cultivar of olive tree prized for its high-quality oil production and attractive form. This evergreen tree is known for its resilience, ornamental value, and productivity, making it a favorite in both home gardens and commercial groves.


  • Blooms: Produces small, creamy-white flowers in late spring to early summer. The flowers are borne in clusters and are essential for fruit production.
  • Fragrance: The flowers have a mild, pleasant fragrance.


  • Fruit: Produces medium-sized, oval-shaped olives that turn from green to deep black as they ripen in late autumn to early winter. The fruit is highly valued for its oil, which is known for its rich flavor and aromatic qualities.


  • Leaves: Evergreen, silver-green leaves with a leathery texture and a slightly glossy surface. The foliage provides a year-round ornamental appeal.

Form and Size:

  • Size: Typically grows 4-6 meters tall and 3-5 meters wide, forming a rounded, spreading canopy.
  • Habit: Upright and bushy with a dense crown, making it suitable for both ornamental and productive uses.

Growing Conditions:

  • Climate: Thrives in temperate to warm climates, suitable for many regions in Australia. It is tolerant of drought and can withstand light frost.
  • Soil: Prefers well-draining, moderately fertile soil but can adapt to a variety of soil types, including sandy and clay soils. Avoid waterlogged conditions.
  • Sunlight: Best grown in full sun. It requires ample sunlight to produce a good yield of high-quality fruit.
  • Watering: Once established, it is drought-tolerant but benefits from regular watering during prolonged dry spells and the fruiting season.


  • Edible Garden: Highly valued for producing olives that can be pressed into high-quality olive oil or cured for table olives.
  • Landscape Feature: Serves as an attractive ornamental tree in gardens and landscapes due to its evergreen foliage and gnarled, picturesque trunk.
  • Hedges and Screens: Can be planted in rows to form a productive hedge or screen, providing privacy and a harvestable crop.


  • Pruning: Prune in late winter to early spring to maintain shape, remove dead or diseased wood, and promote air circulation. Regular pruning also helps to maintain productivity.
  • Fertilizing: Apply a balanced fertilizer in early spring to promote healthy growth and fruit production. Olive trees benefit from additional potassium and nitrogen.
  • Pests and Diseases: Generally resistant to pests and diseases. Monitor for olive fruit fly, scale insects, and fungal diseases, especially in humid conditions.


  • Hardiness: Hardy in USDA zones 8-11. In cooler regions of Australia, provide protection from severe frost to prevent damage to young shoots and flowers.
  • Companion Plants: Plant with other Mediterranean herbs and shrubs, such as rosemary, lavender, and thyme, to create a cohesive garden design that thrives in similar conditions.

Harvesting: Harvest olives in late autumn to early winter when they have reached the desired level of ripeness. The timing of the harvest can affect the flavor and quality of the oil produced

Olea europaea 'Frantoio' (Frantoio Olive)

Common Name: Frantoio Olive

Botanical Name: Olea europaea 'Frantoio'

Family: Oleaceae

Origin: Native to the Mediterranean region